Birdlife International Important Biodiversity and Bird Areas (IBA) program helps countries worldwide to identify, protect and manage significant sites of naturally occurring vulnerable bird species and population. It is based on internationally recognized Criteria. Over 10,000 sites have been identified worldwide.
The Nature Society (Singapore) and the Bird Group have identified three such IBAs in Singapore using the accepted international criteria. This is quite significant for a city state like Singapore with one of the highest population density in the world. These IBAs must be protected for the natural health of the island and its people.
They are A) Central Forest B) Kranji-Mandai and C) Ubin-Khatib.
Bukit Brown. Photo: Leong Kwok Peng
A) Central Forest ( 5,446 hectares)
It covers the Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bukit Batok Nature Park, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bukit Brown Cemetery, Tagore Forest and Bukit. Mandai Forest.
Trigger Species: Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher, Cyornis brunneata, and Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus. Sunda Pangolin Manis javanica , Banded Leaf Monkey Presbytes fermoralis and Singapore Freshwater Crab Johora singaporensis.
Gemala Nature Areas. Photo: Leong Kwok Peng
Mandai Mangroves. Photo: Leong Kwok Peng.
B) Kranji-Mandai ( 1,885 hectares)
It covers Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Kranji Marshes, Gemala Nature Areas, Mandai Mudflats and Mangroves, Ama Keng, Stagmont Ring and Peng Siang mash areas.
Trigger Species: Chinese Egret, Egretta eulophotes, Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris, Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus.
Lorong Halus. Photo: Leong Kwok Peng.
Khatib Bonsu Mangroves. Photo: Leong Kwok Peng.
C) Ubin-Khatib ( 14,906 hectares).
It covers Pulau Ubin, Pulau Tekong, Pasir Ris Park, Loyang Forest, Lorong Halus, Coney Island, Springleaf Park, Pulau Seletar, Khatib Bonsu and Simpang Grasslands.
Trigger Species: Chinese Egret, Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris, Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus, Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis brunneata and Sunda Pangolin Manis javanica.
For more details on our IBAs go to http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/site.
Reference: Birdlife International. http://www.birdlife.org.